Guide to the Edith Hoy Peterson Collection At the Leland D. Case Library for Western Historical Studies

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Peterson, Edith Hoy
Title: Edith Hoy Peterson Collection
Dates: 1982-1997 (bulk dates 1900-1935)
Quantity: 4 box(es) (3 linear feet)
Collection ID: MSS. Peterson
Repository: Leland D. Case Library of Western Historical Studies
E.Y. Berry Library-Learning Center
Black Hills State University
Spearfish, SD 57799

Biographical Note

Born on December 1, 1901 to Thomas and Nella Hoy, Edith "Nan" (Hoy) Peterson was a lifelong resident of Keystone, South Dakota. Her father owned and operated Hoy's Drug Store in Keystone, which included a pool hall and boasted the only telephone in town. Edith briefly attended the Spearfish Normal Teacher's College until her mother fell ill.

Edith married Bert Peterson at Newcastle, Wyoming, in 1925, with whom she had five children named Helen, Patricia, John, Kathleen, and Thomas. Bert mined at the Etta mine and died in 1971. Edith and Bert's son, Thomas ran a newsstand called "Thommie's Newsstand," with which Edith helped him.

An historian, Edith possessed a copy of the first issue of the Rapid City Journal, which the founder, Joseph Gossage, gave her father. For this she won first place, including a $100 U.S. Savings Bond, in a contest for possessing the oldest newspaper. Edith cashed the savings bond on her 94th birthday for fear that she would not live much longer. She also loaned a table to Calvin Coolidge for the dedication of Mount Rushmore in 1927. Edith was named a lifetime member of the Keystone Area Historical Society in 1983.

Edith died on Saturday, March 1, 1997, at the age of ninety-five. She was the last living person to recall the madame, Bismarck Annie and "her girls," at The Palace, which was located very close to her home. She was chided for associating with "the girls" by her mother but did not fully understand why. Edith is also remembered for carrying the flag with the suffragette movement and for riding on a Harley Davidson motorcycle. She was known for her keen sense of social justice.

Scope and Contents

Postcards, photographs, artifacts, and documents relating to the history of the Black Hills, Keystone, Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Edith Hoy Peterson, and Hoy's Drugstore.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Susan Talley-Johnson

Preferred Citation

Edith Hoy Peterson Collection, Leland D. Case Western Historical Studies.

Processing Information

Colleen Kirby & Beshka Ringstad

Inventory

Box File
1 1 Items in the Edith Hoy Peterson Collection List compiled by Susan Talley-Johnson.
2 Sylvan Lake near Custer (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 Summit - Chinook Pass, Washington Post card unused
2 Mining Scene, Keystone, SD (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 Keystone Mine & Mills (2 copies) Holy Terror Mine, Keystone, SD (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 Parade - Holy Terror Mine Float, Keystone, SD (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 Arrival of Stage Coach, Keystone, SD, in Early Days (2 copies) (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 "Among the Needles" State Highway (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 On Top of Harney Peak (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 Etta Mine, Keystone, SD (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 Bismark Quartz Mill & Hoist, Keystone, SD (early 1900's) Post card unused
2 Interior of a home (Edith Hoy Peterson pretending to be a secretary), Keystone, SD, approximately 1916 (2 copies) Post card unused
3 Sunset and Sugar Loaf Mountain on "The Switzerland Trail of America," The Colorado and Northwestern Railroad, Denver to Eldora and Ward. (Postmark 1906) Post card
3 Denver Railcar or Trolley (Postmark 1905) Postcard
3 Post Office and Custom House, Columbus, Ohio (Postmark 1904) Post card
3 U.S. Mint - Denver, Colorado (Postmark 1907) Postcard
3 World's Fair - St. Louis, Festival Hall and Cascades 1904 (Postmark 1904) Postcard
3 World's Fair - St. Louis, Palace of Electricity 1904) Post card
3 Panama Pacific International Exposition - 1915 (Postmark 1910) Postcard
3 Sheridan Inn, Sheridan, Wyoming (Postmark 1907)
3 Harney Peak 8,200 feet. Beauty Scenes and Highest Point in the Black Hills, SD (Postmark 1910) Postcard
3 Suspension Bridge, Capilano Canyon, Vancouver, B.C. (Postmark 1910) Postcard
3 Ellison Hoist, Lead, SD (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 Steps of Manufacturers' Building and Machinery Hall, Alaska-Yukon Pacific Exposition, Seattle 1909 (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 Hotel and Rocks, Sylvan Lake, SD (Postmark 1907)
3 Birdseye View of Chicago, Illinois (Postmark 1906)
3 Nelson, British Columbia showing Smelter and Kootenai Lake (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 The Flatiron, New York (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 Mount Tacoma from Spanaway Lake, Tacoma, Washington (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 State and Madison Streets, Chicago, Looking North and East from Mandel Brothers' Building (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 High School, Billings, Montana (Postmark 190?) Postcard
3 Denver's Auditorium. Erected in 1908. Democratic Convention July 7-10, 1908 (Postmark 1908) Postcard
3 State School of Mines, Rapid City, SD (Postmark 1908) Postcard
3 The Wedge Rock, Sylvan Lake, Custer, South Dakota (no postmark) Postcard
3 Pearl Street, Boulder, Colorado (Postmark 1908) Postcard
3 Main Building, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado (Postmark 1908) Postcard
3 Thanksgiving Day (Postmark 1907) Postcard
3 Cottonwood River After Rain, June 22, 1908, Lamberton, Minnesota (Postmark 1908) Postcard
3 Ojo & Agua, Rapid Canon, Black Hills Postcard
3 The Lake from the Entrance Tower of the Great Whit City Lakeside Park, (Denver), Colorado (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 Conservatory in Wright Park, Tacoma, Washington (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 State Soldiers' Home, Hot Springs, SD (Postmark 1909) Postcard
3 Christian Church, Rochester, Minnesota (Postmark 1908) Postcard
3 End of Manufacturers Building and Band Stand, Alaska-Yukon Pacific Exposition, Seattle 1909 Postcard
3 York College, York, Nebraska (Postmark 1907) Postcard
3 Keystone, SD (Postmark 1907) Postcard
4 Thomas G. Hoy and Gutzon Borglum in front of Hoy's Drug Store in Keystone, SD in 1931.
4 Calvin Coolidge ("Sermon in Boots") at the Consecration Ceremony of Mt. Rushmore, August 10, 1927.
4 Calvin Coolidge ("Sermon in Boots") at the Consecration Ceremony of Mt. Rushmore, August 10, 1927.
4 Postcard close up of Calvin Coolidge in his boots with Gutzon Borglum behind Coolidge, August 10, 1927.
4 Picture of Mount Rushmore before it was carved
4 Picture of Edith Hoy Peterson and her family sitting on top of Mount Rushmore before it as carved. (Approximately 1910)
4 Picture of Edith Hoy Peterson and her family on top of Woodchut (a high peak on the east edge of oldtown Keystone) to watch the passing of Halley's Comet in 1910
4 Photo of Mine/Mill in Keystone (probably Holy Terror) in the early 1900's
4 Photo of Keystone after one of its fires (1913-1921?)
4 Photo of the Dining Room of the Old McDonald Hotel, Keystone, SD
5 Copper smelting at Calumet, SD reprint
5 Arrival of Stage Coach, Keystone, SD, in early days reprint
5 Little boy fishing reprint
5 Staged hold-up of a stagecoach in Keystone, SD reprint
5 Old man-mayor of Calumet, SD reprint
5 Three women dressed in mean's suits reprint
6 Edith Hoy Peterson as a young girl
6 John Marble Hoy as a youth
6 Edith Hoy Peterson and John Marble Hoy as young children
6 Thomas Gartland Hoy reprint
6 Nella Marble Hoy
6 Andrew Marble
6 Andrew Marble and Edith Hoy Peterson (as a baby)
6 John Marble Hoy and Thomas Gartland Hoy
6 Edith Hoy Peterson with dog
6 Edith Hoy with Dinger the donkey
6 John Marble Hoy
6 Edith and John Hoy as very young children
6 Edith Hoy Peterson and her friend Ellen Hayes Canfield
6 Three men in staged picture - the acid etched beaker is being used by one of the men
7 "1891 Vignettes 1991 Keystone Centennial," by Bob Hayes. Article on Andrew Marble and the history of Keystone.
7 "Contest winner locates first Journal," The Rapid City Journal, September 30, 1962. Article about Mrs. Peterson finding a genuine Jan. 5, 1878 edition, Vol. 1, of the Black Hills Journal, the original name of the Rapid City Journal.
7 “Oldest Keystone native turns 90,“ article on Edith Hoy Peterson.
7 Paper about Edith Hoy Peterson.
7 Paper titled “A Tribute to Edith Hoy Peterson“ by Bob Hayes, March 4, 1997.
7 Copy of obituary of Edith Hoy Peterson.
7 Copy of obituaries of John Hoy, Mrs. Andrew Marble, part of obituary of John H. Marble.
7 Copy of obituaries of Nella Marble Hoy, Bert N. Peterson, and Will Hoy.
7 “She has seen it all before,“ from the Rapid City Journal, July 10, 1988. Article about Keystone and its fires.
7 “Main Street Mining,“ from the Prevailer-News, November 15, 1990.
7 Three sheets of information on the people found in this collection and a small family tree.
8 Sewing sampler — leather cover (made by Edith Hoy Peterson as a young girl)
9 Eastern Star Receipt 1931 (signed by Carrie Ingalls Swanzey of Little House on the Prairie fame)
9 Eastern Star Receipt 1933 (signed by Carrie Ingalls Swanzey of Little House on the Prairie fame)
10 Pair of old eyeglasses in case
11 Pair of old eyeglasses in case
12 Pair of old eyeglasses (has the address of a Deadwood business on the inside of the case)
13 Beaded medallion — made by Mrs. Ben Black Elk in the 1950´s
14 Framed photo of the bust of George Washington in Borglum´s studio at Mount Rushmore. Signed and dated by Gutzon Borglum, September 11, 1926.
Box File
2 1 Brooks´s Readers First Year by Stratton D. Brooks (copyright 1906)
2 The Children´s First Reader by Ellen M. Cyr (copyright 1892)
3 The Kendall Series of Readers First Reader by Calvin N. Kendall (copyright 1917)
4 A Complete Manual Pollard´s Synthetic Method of Reading and Spelling by Rebecca S. Pollard (copyright 1889)
5 Ten Boys Who Lived On The Road From Long Ago To Now by Jane Andrews (copyright 1892)
6 Eociha 1918. John Hoy embossed on the cover.
7 Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Jefferson Number, copyright 1931
8 Mount Rushmore National Memorial, copyright 1930
Box File
3 1 Ulster County Gazette, Kingston, New York, Saturday, January 4, 1800 (announces the death and burial of George Washington)
1 The Rapid City Daily Journal, July 27, 1934 (balloon flight from the Stratobowl)
1 The Rapid City Daily Journal, November 14, 1889 (just first page front and back)
1 The Rapid City Daily Journal, July 11, 1935 (balloon ascends dawn tomorrow — Explorer II)
1 The Fonda Sentinel, Fonda, Montgomery County, NY, February 19, 1847
1 Chicago Daily Tribune, February 4, 1924 “Death Calls Wilson“ (Headline concerning the death of President Woodrow Wilson)
1 The Hill City News, July 27, 1934 (Dillinger is killed on the front page — no particular headline. An article has been clipped from the front page at some point in the past.)
1 The Star, San Francisco, September 5, 1903
1 The Star, San Francisco, July 8, 1905 (contains article by John H. Marble who was a lawyer for the Interstate Commerce Commission during the time of President Theodore Roosevelt)
1 Picture/Folder (inside is a picture of Mt. Vernon and other scenes around Mt. Vernon. This folder contains the newspaper above concerning Washington´s Death.)
Box File
4 1 Glass Flask — Acid Etched — Used in Hoy´s Pharmacy
2 Medicine bottle - the printing on the glass says: Keystone Pharmacy, T.G. Hoy & Co., Props., Keystone, South Dakota
3 Small pitcher (on the bottom it says made of U.S. national notes 1879 Notes, redeemed and macerated at the U.S. treasury. Estimated $1000. Made by O. Duke, 715 14th Street, N.W., Washington D.C.
4 Small wooden cup with a letter dated April 5, 1915. This wooden cup was given to John Hoy and according to the letter the cup was made from a tree at the church where George Washington sometimes attended and he tied his horse the this tree in the churchyard. The letter states that “the ravages of war laid waste to much of interest in that part of Virginia. After the Civil War those who held the memories of the little chapel dear and its trees and wood taken from the favorite tree of Washington. It was cut down and made into small articles of interest, and my mother was visiting her sister at the close of the Civil War and purchased the cup that I have held dear these many years and that now is yours.“
5 Piece of granite from Mt. Rushmore (with a core hole drilling in the rock)
6 Rubber stamp: Keystone Pharmacy, T.G. Hoy & Co., Props., Keystone, South Dakota
Box File
5 1 Wooden Table used by Calvin Coolidge at the dedication of Mount Rushmore