Guide to the W.R. Cross Photograph Collection at the Leland D. Case Library of Western Historical Studies

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Miller, Milton (Collector)
Title: W. R. Cross Photograph Collection
Dates: ca. 1865-1949 bulk dates: 1867-1905
Quantity: 11 box(es) (4 linear feet)
Collection ID: PF.Cross
Repository: Leland D. Case Library of Western Historical Studies
E.Y. Berry Library-Learning Center
Black Hills State University
Spearfish, SD 57799

Biographical Note

William Richard Cross, photographer of the Nebraska-South Dakota frontier, was born in Bennington County, Vermont, in 1839. His older brother, Daniel H. Cross, taught him photography. In 1867, Cross married Jennie Church, of Hartland, Maine, and moved to Omaha, Nebraska. He was one of the first professional photographers to live on the Great Plains.

Cross and his wife moved to Creighton in 1871 where they spent seven years. Cross took his tent gallery around Knox County photographing the area and its people. Announcements run in the Niobrara Pioneer would notify local people that he was coming to their area.

Cross also photographed Native Americas. He belonged to a circle of other professional photographers that wished to satisfy the demand for photographs of Native Americans. On February 14, 1878 Cross and his family left Creighton for the Spotted Tail Agency, which became Rosebud, in Todd County, South Dakota. There they stayed for four or more months so Cross could photograph Native Americans.

Cross spent next twelve years, beginning in July 1878, in Niobrara, in northern Knox County, Nebraska. His gallery was opened on July 4, but began traveling again by the end of that month. Cross went to the Santee Agency where the Minnesotan Santee Sioux were moved after the uprising in 1862. These were very productive years for Cross and he was held in high esteem among the local residents.

In 1886, after some more traveling to photograph Native Americans in the Niobrara-Valentine area in north-central Nebraska, where Cross met his apprentice, John A. Anderson, he opened a studio at Fort Niobrara. In 1888, Cross and Anderson conspired at Fort Meade, proximal to the Black Hills of South Dakota. Anderson left to become a civilian photographer for the U.S. Army and became a well-known photographer while living on the Rosebud Indian Reservation. Cross spent the remainder of the decade photographing in the Hot Springs, South Dakota area.

Cross acquired a gallery that belonged to J.W. Pike in Hot Springs, where he chose to live in proximity to the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Toward the end of 1890, there was tension building amongst white settlers and the military in regard to Ghost Dance movement of the Sioux. It was here, on December 29, 1890, on Wounded Knee Creek that U.S. soldiers slaughtered Big Foot´s group of Miniconjou Sioux. No photographers were present for the bloodshed. Although another photographer, George E. Trager of Chadron, Nebraska, was credited with photographing the first images of the slaughter´s aftermath, Cross reportedly visited the site in mid-January of 1891. The number of photographs Cross took on that venture is unknown.

After this, Cross did not seem to travel anymore, but kept busy in Hot Springs. He spent time on landscape photography and compiled a sizeable collection of Black Hills Views. In November of 1900, Cross opened another studio on Minnekahta Avenue in Hot Springs, where he worked until his death. He died of pneumonia, at the age of sixty-eight, on December 23, 1907. According to an article in the Hot Springs Weekly, printed on August 1904, “Mr. Cross of this city is a pioneer photographer of the Black Hills Country and occupies a foremost position among business men identified with that line of work.”

Cross had three daughters, Florence, Cleva, and Mrs. L.G. Miller, and son, George. William and Jennie´s first child, which was a son, died before they moved to Creighton. Although many scholars neglect the importance of Cross´s work, he was, according to William C. Darrah, “one of the most prolific and unappreciated western photographers.”

Scope and Contents

Contains 542 photographic images in stereoscope card and single print (various sizes) formats. The collection also contains several salesmen´s sample cards. The photographs were primarily taken by W.R. Cross, but the collection also contains a few post civil war photographs taken by Cross´s, brother Daniel H. Cross, and some family photos taken after Cross´s death. The bulk of the photographs are of scenes around the Black Hills and Niobrara Nebraska as well as many images of Native Americans. The collection also contains images of the Badlands of North and South Dakota; Yellowstone National Park; Wind Cave and various military groups in the Dakota Territory and South Dakota. Some of the Native Americans photographed are Sitting Bull and Spotted Tail.

Acquisition Information

Received February 2006. Gift of from W.R. Cross descendant. Number in parenthesis after the image description is from the donor´s filing system.

Preferred Citation

W.R. Cross Photograph Collection, Leland D. Case Western Historical Studies

Processing Information

Bobbi Sago and Beshka Ringstad

Inventory

Box Item
1 1 Lover´s Glen, Hot Springs, SD (M-095)
2 Lover´s Glen, Hot Springs, SD (M-096)
3 Bathing, Hot Springs, SD (M-094)
4 Sandstone Rock, Battle Mountain, Hot Springs, SD (M-090)
5 Bad Lands — Alkaline and Clay Buttes (M-237)
6 Bad Lands (M-238)
7 Bad Lands — Switzerland view (M-143)
8 Bad Lands — Indurated Clay Butte (M-015)
9 Vein of Coal 10 ft. thick (M-273)
10 Vein of Coal 10 ft. thick (M-012)
11 Bad Lands (M-011)
12 Bad Lands — petrified wood on indurated clay pillars (M-010)
13 Scoria Cut and Indurated Clay 55 ft. deep (M-013)
14 Cedar Canon, Fossil Leaves found here, Bad Lands, SD (M-142)
15 [Bad Lands, SD] (M-014)
16 Cantonment, on Little Missouri River, N.P.R.R. Crossing (M-016)
17 [Group photo, Bad Lands, SD] (M-274)
18 Petrified Stumps on Indurated Clay Pillars, near N.P.R.R. Cuts (M-184)
19 Bad Lands (M-280)
20 Jasper Rock and Scorer Cut, N.P.R.R. (M-279)
21 Alkaline Clay Buttes (M-275)
22 Hotel, from Maiden´s Leap (M-087)
23 Scenes at Hot Springs (M-099)
24 Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-083)
25 Lover´s Glen, Hot Springs, SD (M-097)
26 Hot Spring, SD (M-084)
27 National Sanitarium — Vale of Minnekahta, Hot Springs, SD (M-093)
28 View between Hot Springs and Minnekahta, SD (M-089)
29 Lover´s Glen, Hot Springs, SD (M-098)
30 Pompeii Petrified, Bad Lands (M-427)
31 Geyser Spring, Cascade Springs, SD (M-086)
32 Fall River Falls, SD (M-433)
33 Yellow Stone National Park, Keppler Cascades, from below (M-002)
34 Hotel Evans, Hot Springs, SD (M-085)
35 Minerva Terrace, west side, (large) (M-374)
36 Buffalo in National Park Wyoming (M-375)
37 Bad Lands — petrified wood on indurated clay pillars. (M-371)
38 Wild Scenery near Cedar Canon, West Missouri River (M-009)
39 [Pyramid Park Scenery, N.P.R.R.] (M-008)
40 Liberty Cap, extinct geyser cone, National Park (M-003)
41 Glacier Cannon, Mission Range, N.P.R.R. (M-001)
42 Bad Lands — Alkaline and Clay Buttes (M-004)
43 Three Buttes — 1 Lignite and Clay, and 2 indurated with Scarea (M-017)
44 Lignite, 5 ft. vein, Little Missouri River, N.P.R.R. (M-005)
45 [Pyramid Park Scenery, N.P.R.R.] (M-006)
46 [Unidentified Building] (M-082)
47 [Bad Lands scenery] (M-007)
48 Fall River Falls, SD (M-396)
49 Hot Springs, SD (M-091)
50 Fall River Falls, Hot Springs, SD (M-092)
51 Writing a letter to John at Hot Springs, SD (M-432)
52 The Evans Fish Pond, Hot Springs, SD (M-078)
53 Pink Sand Stone, Battle Mountain, Hot Springs, SD (M-077)
54 Juvey, Black Hills (dup. of one marked) (M-076)
55 M.W.A. Excursion, Showing Evans Hotel, Union Depot, Hot Springs, SD (M-088)
56 Court House and Plunge Bath, Hot Springs, SD (M-081)
57 [Group photo] (M-079)
58 [Family photo] (M-080)
Box Item
2 1 G-Troop 1st Cav., Ft. Meade, SD, Inspection (M-064)
2 Guard Mount, Ft. Meade, SD, 1st Cav. (M 056)
3 Guard Mount, Ft. Meade, SD, 1st Cav. (M-057)
4 A part of the 13th Cavalry Outing at Hot Springs, SD (M-145)
5 A part of the 13th Cavalry Outing at Hot Springs, SD (M-395)
6 Bare [sic] Butte Pass near Sturgis, SD (M-394)
7 Dress Parade, 8th Cavalry, Hot Springs, SD (M-058)
8 [Sitting] Bull, and Buffalo Bill, Wm. Cody (M-112)
9 Ft. Meade, Black Hills, SD, Bear Butte in the distance (M-059)
10 Niobrara River near Ft. Niobrara (M-287)
11 Plum Creek Bridge (M-284)
12 Niobrara River near Fort Niobrara, NE (M-417)
13 Cascade near Ft. Niobrara (M-198)
14 [View of the Post] (M-262)
15 Ft. Niobrara (M-289)
16 East side of big cut (M-276)
17 [Cattle] (M-281)
18 [Farm] (M-018)
19 Camp of the 8th Cavalry at Hot Springs, SD (M-062)
20 Spring of water and Cascade near Long Pine (M-241)
21 Rockdale near Custer, SD (M-406)
22 Dipping Sheep, six miles west of Casper, WY (M-445)
23 Cascade near Ft. Niobrara (M-288)
24 Long Pine Bridge (M-286)
25 Hotchkiss Gun Practice, Ft. Meade, SD (M-063)
26 W.H. Tibbals family, 1881, Dakota Home (M-264)
27 Group of 15th Inf. Officers, Fort Randall, Dakota Territory (M-250): 1. Col. Swaine 2. Capt. Conrad 3. Capt. Brinkerhoff 4. Capt. Bean 5. Capt. Stafford 6. Capt. Burnham 7. Lt. Clark 8. Lt. Kinzie 9. Lt. Davis 10. Lt. Garst 11. Lt. Pague 12. Lt. Blauvelt 13. Lt. Bowan
28 Sitting Bull and his squaw Number Two (M-379)
29 Niobrara River and Bridge (M-283)
30 Laying track (M-278)
31 West side of big cut (M-277)
32 Team shearing, Casper, WY (M-441)
33 [Farm] (M-257)
34 Bear Butte Pass near Sturgis, SD (M-061)
35 Fort Randall, Dakota Territory (M-111)
36 Council, Cheyenne Agency, Dakota Territory (M-075)
37 [Fort Randall, Dakota Territory] (M-258)
38 Target Practice, 1st Cav., Ft. Meade, SD (M-060)
39 Chamberlain, July 4, 1881, Dakota Territory (M-019)
40 Long Pine (M-285)
Box Item
3 1 Cheyenne River Falls, 12 miles south of Hot Springs, SD (M-360)
2 Lost Well, near road to Cascade Springs, SD (M-179)
3 Gillespie Hospital, Union Depot at Hot Springs, SD (M-270)
4 Plunge Bath, Hot Springs, SD (M-200)
5 Observatory, Hot Springs, SD (M-385)
6 Red Sandstone Rock between Hot Springs and Fall River Falls, SD (M-369)
7 Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-207)
8 The Evans and Battle Mountain Park, Hot Springs, SD (M-208)
9 Gillespie Hospital, Union Depot at Hot Springs, SD (M-210)
10 Fall River and Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-384)
11 [Family photo] (M-290)
12 Sylvan Lake (M-141)
13 Washington Arbor, Wind Cave, SD (M-304)
14 Hygeia Spring from piazza of The Evans, Hot Springs, SD (M-156)
15 [Plunge Bath] (M-271)
16 Hot Springs, SD from Battle Mountain (M-197)
17 Gillespie Hotel from Maiden´s Leap (M-248)
18 [Child picking flowers] (M-268)
19 Trestle Bridge, 120 feet high, near Edgemont, SD (M-162)
20 Minnekahta Block, Union Depot (M-376)
21 [Hot Springs] (M-387)
22 Hot Springs Hotel, Hot Springs, SD (M-388)
23 Minnekahta Avenue, Hot Springs, SD (M-228)
24 Hotel Fargo (M-199)
25 Sylvan Lake, SD (M-407)
26 Fred Evans (M-398)
27 [Front Porch] (M-291)
28 Minnekahta Block, Hot Springs, SD (M-178)
29 Minnekahta Block, Union Depot, Hot Springs, SD (M-158)
30 Minnekahta Block-Union Depot-Catholicon Mount, Hot Springs, SD (M-435)
31 The Evans and Battle Mountain Park, Hot Springs, SD (M-392)
32 Minnekahta Hotel, Hot Springs, Dakota Territory (M-240)
33 Scene near Minnekahta Hotel, Hot Springs, Dakota Territory (M-239)
34 Plunge Bath, Hot Springs, SD, The Carlsbad of America (M-166)
35 Fairrie Palace, Onyx Cave, Hot Springs, SD (M-181)
36 Minnekahta Avenue, Hot Springs, SD (M-311)
37 Gillespie Hotel, from Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-140)
38 The Evans Hotel, Hot Springs, SD (M-165)
39 [Couple] (M-163)
40 Court House and Plunge Bath, Hot Springs, SD (M-209)
41 View between Hot Springs and Minnekahta, SD (M-301)
42 Catholicon Spring Hotel, Hot Springs, SD (M-211)
43 Katie spies a fish (M-368)
44 The Evans from Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-182)
45 A.E., age 1 yr. (M-100)
46 Red Canyon and Bath House, Cascade Springs, Black Hills, SD (M-370)
47 [Group at Hygeia Spring] (M-383)
48 _______ of Day, a lookout in Sidney´s Onyx Cave Canyon, 7 miles from Hot Springs, SD (M-272)
49 James Park, Hotel Evans, College Flat, Hot Springs, SD (M-247)
50 View near Hot Springs, SD (M-434)
51 Needles near Sylvan Lake, SD, 500 feet high; altitude 7500 feet
52 Sylvan Lake, SD, Centennial and Joint Rock in distance (M-459)
53 Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-245)
54 View at Sylvan Lake, six miles from Custer, SD (M-449)
55 Hot Springs, SD (M-357)
56 Fall River Falls, near Hot Springs, SD (M-463)
57 Soldier´s Home, Hot Springs, SD (M-461)
58 Minnekahta Avenue, Hot Springs, SD (M-157)
59 [Group Photo] (M-169)
60 Minnekahta Avenue, Hot Springs, SD (M-244)
61 The Evans, from Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-243)
62 Bathing, Hot Springs, SD (M-261)
63 [Unkown] (M-269)
64 Gillespie Hotel from Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-243)
65 Battle Mountain Park (M-246)
66 Sylvan Lake and Hotel, near Custer, SD (M-356)
67 Onyx Cave, Hot Springs, SD (M-295)
68 Sylvan Lake (M-168)
69 Gillespie Hotel, Hot Springs, SD (M-302)
70 Hot Springs Hotel and Soldiers´ Home, Hot Springs (M-393)
71 Hot Springs Hotel and Observatory Bridge, Hot Springs, SD (M-403)
72 Custer City, SD (M-232)
73 Hot Springs Hotel (M-358)
74 Gillespie Hotel, Hot Springs, SD (M-175)
75 Hot Springs, SD (M-174)
76 Plunge Bath, Hot Springs, SD, The Carlsbad of America, August 18, 1896 (M-413)
77 Soldier´s Home, Hot Springs, SD (M-229)
78 [Family photo — little girl wading] (M-438)
79 The Evans and Union Depot, Hot Springs, SD (M-242)
80 Chicago Avenue, Hot Springs, SD (M-196)
81 Red Canyon and Bath House, Cascade Springs, Black Hills, South Dakota (M-294)
82 Gillespie Hotel, from Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-372)
Box Item
4 1 Hotel and entrance to Wind Cave, Hot Springs, SD (M-023)
2 Red Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-022)
3 B.H. Ft. Pierre R´Y. at Crystal Cave, SD (M-167)
4 Christian Endeavor, Wind Cave, SD (M-338)
5 Water formation, Wind Cave, SD (M-339)
6 Scenes of Wickalow looking towards Blarney Stone, Wind Cave (M-265)
7 Capital Hall in Wind Cave, SD (M-345)
8 Scene in Garden of Eden, Wind Cave, SD (M-428)
9 Post Office, Wind Cave, SD (M-319)
10 High Rocks, Sylvan Lake, SD (M-038)
11 High Rocks, Sylvan Lake, SD (M-204)
12 Sylvan Lake and Hotel, near Custer, SD (M-042)
13 The bigger placer gold mine in South Dakota, Crouch line (M-052)
14 Transportation at Sylvan Lake, SD to Cathedral Park and Harney Peak, 3 miles (M-037)
15 Rapid City, SD (M-231)
16 Elephant´s Foot, Crystal Cave, SD on B.H. & Ft. Pierre R´Y. Elk Creek Canyon (M-026)
17 Cleopatra´s Needle, Crystal Cave, SD (M-355)
18 The Abode of the Farries [sic], Tower of Babel, Crystal Cave, Elk Creek Canyon, B.H. & Ft. Pierre R´Y. (M-033)
19 [Unknown] (M-190)
20 Elk Creek Canyon, B.H. & Ft. Pierre R´Y., SD (M-212)
21 Fairy Play Grounds, Wind Cave, SD (M-171)
22 Tower of Babel, Crystal Cave, Elk Creek Canyon, B.H. & Ft. Pierre R´Y (M-032)
23 Sylvan Lake (M-408)
24 Entrance to Kimball Music Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-236)
25 Parlor in Wind Cave, SD (M-352)
26 Opera House looking into Devil´s Lookout (M-429)
27 Hotel and entrance to Wind Cave, Hot Springs, SD (M-343)
28 Hotel and entrance to Wind Cave, Hot Springs, SD (M-020)
29 Rapid City, SD (M-411)
30 Odd Fellow Room, Wind Cave, SD (M-330)
31 Pearly Gates, Wind Cave, SD (M-341)
32 Washington Arbor, Wind Cave, SD (M-322)
33 Black Hills, Ft. Pierre R´Y at Crystal Cave, SD (M-035)
34 Harney Peak, 9 miles from Custer, Alt. 8000 (M-039)
35 Queen´s Parlor, Sylvan Lake, near Custer, SD (M-040)
36 Knife Blade Rock near Crystal Cave on B.H. & Ft. Pierre R´Y, SD. 175 feet high (M-436)
37 Milliners´ Avenue, Wind Cave, SD (M-317)
38 Wind Cave, Laura Cavern near Lake Bed (M-397)
39 Prairie Dog, Wind Cave, SD (M-333)
40 Mermaids Rest, Wind Cave, SD (M-350)
41 Hanging Rock, Sylvan Lake, SD (M-201)
42 Scenes of Wickalow looking towards Blarney Stone, Wind Cave (M-028)
43 Ribbon Room, Crystal Cave, SD (M-460)
44 Minnekahta Falls, Wind Cave, SD (M-342)
45 Johnstown Camp Ground (M-332)
46 Bridal Veil, Crystal Cave, SD Elk Creek Canyon, B.H. & Ft. Pierre, R´Y (M-027)
47 Needles´ Eye at Sylvan Lake near Custer, SD (M-202)
48 Fair Grounds, Wind Cave, SD (M-327)
49 Needle´s Eye at Sylvan Lake near Custer, SD (M-203)
50 D A R Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-326)
51 Sheep in Wind Cave, SD (M-321)
52 Parlor in Wind Cave, SD (M-172)
53 Fairi [sic] Palace, Onyx Cave, Hot Springs, SD (M-323)
54 Pearly Gates, Wind Cave, SD (M-391)
55 Garden of Eden, Wind Cave, SD (M-363)
56 View at Sylvan Lake, six miles from Custer, SD, Fairy Window (M-206)
57 Monte Cristo, Wind Cave, SD (M-340)
58 Room where Johnstone found the hidden pin, Wind Cave, SD (M-331)
59 Fair Grounds, Fairy Play Grounds, Wind Cave, SD (M-320)
60 Bridal Veil, Crystal Cave, SD, Elk Creek Canyon, B.H. & Ft. Pierre, R´Y (M-025)
61 Monte Cristo, Wind Cave, SD (M-340)
62 Part of room 800 ft. long, 40 ft. wide, Crystal Cave, SD (M-153)
63 Tabernacle, Wind Cave, SD (M-349)
64 Woodmen Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-348)
65 Methodist Church, Wind Cave, SD (M-347)
66 Hanging Rock and Fairy Window, Sylvan Lake, SD (M-043)
67 Mermaids Rest, Wind Cave, SD (M-024)
68 Queen´s Drawing Room, Wind Cave, SD (M-430)
69 Tabernacle, Wind Cave, SD (M-031)
70 Scenes of Wickalow looking towards Blarney Stone, Wind Cave (M-305)
71 Lake Room, Crystal Cave, Elk Creek Canyon (M-233)
72 Garden of Eden, Wind Cave, SD (M-267)
73 Kimbal Music Hall (M-337)
74 In Assembly Room (M-325)
75 Cleopatras Needle, Crystal Cave, SD (M-154)
76 Ribbon Room, Crystal Cave, SD (M-146)
77 Big Tie Plant, Edgemont, SD (M-351a)
78 Odd Fellows Hall, in Wind Cave, SD (M-351b)
79 Swiss Scenery, Wind Cave, SD (M-328)
80 Swiss Cottage, Crystal Cave, Elk Creek Canyon, B.H.& Ft Pierre R´Y (M-151)
81 D A R Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-336)
82 Mountains, Crystal Cave, SD (M-431)
83 Goat, Odd Fellows Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-324)
84 Wind Cave, SD (M-030)
85 Odd Fellows Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-029)
86 Scenes of Wickalow looking towards Blarney Stone, Wind Cave, SD (M-170)
87 Gillespie Hotel, from Hygeia Spring, Hot Springs, SD (M-354)
88 Crystal Cave Specimen, Elk Creek Canyon, B.H. & Ft Pierre R´Y, SD (M-021)
89 Odd Fellows Hall in Wind Cave, SD (M-235)
90 Odd Fellows Hall in Wind Cave, SD (M-212)
91 From Stone Quarry, Rapid City, SD (M-041)
92 Hotel and Entrance to Wind Cave, Hot Springs, SD (M-390)
93 Goat, Odd Fellows Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-399)
94 Dewey´s Palace, Wind Cave, SD (M-249)
95 Deweys Pallace, Wind Cave, SD (M-266)
96 Methodist Church, Wind Cave, SD (M-386)
97 Red Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-329)
98 Entrance to Kimbal Music Hall, Wind Cave, SD (M-344)
99 Sampson´s Pallace in Wind Cave, SD (M-346)
100 Scenes of Wickalow looking towards Blarney Stone, Wind Cave, SD (M-334)
101 Napoleon´s Tomb, Wind Cave, SD (M-335)
Box Item
5 1 Co. K, 3rd Reg, I.U.G. (M-110)
2 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. General View, looking Northeast (M-106)
3 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Foundation of Thomas Shackley´s residence (M-104)
4 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Residence of Mr. Shaft, looking Southeast (M-103)
5 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Residences of Mr. Simmonds and Mr. Duffin, looking West (M-382)
6 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Cellar of Deo. Ford´s residence; 4 killed (M-105)
7 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Foundation of Thomas Shackley´s residence (M-256)
8 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Deacon Ford´s, looking Southwest (M-183)
9 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Residence of Mr. Phelps, looking Northwest (M-259)
10 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Residence of Prof. Herricks, looking West (M-109)
11 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Residence of Mr. Hughf, looking East; 2 killed (M-108)
12 Observatory, Bennington, VT (D. H. Cross) (M-102)
13 Bennington, VT (D. H. Cross) (M-101)
14 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Henry Pittman´s residence (M-453)
15 The Devil´s Stairs, Searsburgh looking up (D. H. Cross) (M-454)
16 Summer Residence of S. B. Hunt, Bennnington, VT. “Fountain” — Height of jet 180 ft — The Highest in the World (D. H. Cross) (M-470)
17 [Unidentified road] Bennington, VT (D. H. Cross) (M-292)
18 [Unreadable description] Deadwood, D.T. (M-224)
19 Homestake Gold Mills & Works, Lead City, D.T. (Geo. W. Scott) (M-219)
20 Placer Mining, Deadwood, D.T. (Geo. W. Scott) (M-223)
21 Main Street, Deadwood, D.T. (Geo. W. Scott) (M-221)
22 Homestake Gold Mine, Lead City, D.T. (Geo. W. Scott) (M-220)
23 [Unidentified mine] (Coules & McBride) (M-222)
24 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Residence of Chas. Wessels, looking Northwest (M-107)
25 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. View near Spring St., from Northwest. Mr. & Mrs. Lewis killed (M-260)
26 Tornado of June 17, 1882, at Grinnell, Iowa. Residence of Widow Hamlin, looking Northeast (M-255)
27 [Unidentified child] (D. H. Cross) (M-402)
28 Major Hawkins, VA (M-252)
29 [Unidentified soldier] (M-420)
30 [Unidentified soldier] (M-253)
31 [Unidentified soldier] (M-180)
32 [Unidentified male] (M-419)
Box Item
6 1 [Unidentified group] The Hiawatha Hotel, SD (M-129)
2 Graves of Soldiers who were killed at battle of Wounded Knee, Dec. 29th, 1890, Pine Ridge Agency, SD. 30 in number (M-119)
3 [Unidentified child] (M-125)
4 Karl Christenson, son of Elise and Sam (M-399)
5 Deadwood, SD — 1900 (M-131)
6 [Unidentified house] (M-127)
7 Union Depot and Residences; Observatory in distance, Hot Springs, SD (M-124)
8 Spearfish Canyon from trestle work; 7 mile bend to gain 800 feet (M-126)
9 Transportation. Pierre to Deadwood, D.T. (M-137)
10 Spearfish Canyon, SD 1901 (M-132)
11 Cross Family (M-139): 1. George Cross (brother) 2. Florence Cross Carr 3. Lil Cross Miller (aunt) 4. Cleva Cross Hummel
12 Black Hills SD (M-150): 1. Bridal Veil Falls 2. Natural Bridge 3. Point Lookout 4. Prospect Point 5. Cascade Falls 6. Sanitarium 7. Red Rock Canyon 8. Geyser Spring
13 Spearfish Falls, SD (M-133)
14 [Unidentified woman] (M-452)
15 [Unidentified man] (M-381)
16 [Three unidentified children] (M-451)
17 Lead, SD May 1901 (M-130)
18 Maggie E. Smith (M-251)
19 Phil´s child (M-418)
20 Deadwood, SD from White Rocks, 700 feet above (M-134)
21 Sylvan Lake, SD (M-135)
22 Kasa-an Village (M-353)
Box Item
7 1 Fort Meade, SD Bear Butte 7 miles distant (M-468)
2 Cyanaide [sic] Process, Deadwood, SD (M-416)
3 Returned to Sylvan Lake, SD from Cathedral Park and
4 Bear Butte, Sturgis, Black Hills, SD. On the F.E.&M.V. R´y (M-455)
5 [Unidentified people] (M-475)
6 [Unidentified couple] (M-476)
7 Galena, SD. Upper end of town (M-400)
8 Freighting Teams, Rapid City, Black Hills, SD on F.E.&M.V. R´y (M-421)
9 [Unidentified boy and dog] (M-456)
10 [Unidentified camp] (M-401)
11 [Unidentified group] (M-128)
12 Devil´s Tower, Wyo. 600 feet high, 1 mile around base
13 [Page of slides, no identification]
14 Morning Room of Scandinavian Hotel, Lead, SD
15 Bird´s-Eye view of Sylvan Lake, SD and Hotel from Big Spring (M-190)
16 Spearfish Canyon (M-191)
17 Plunge Bath, Hot Springs, in the Black Hills, SD on FE&MV R´y
18 Plunge Bath, Hot Springs, SD on the FE&MV R´y (Historical note on back)
19 Wind Cave, SD
20 Minnekahta Avenue, Hot Springs, SD
Box Item
8 1 Spearfish Canyon, 7-mile bend, SD (M-364)
2 Gulch between Pluma and Lead, SD (M-446)
3 The Bonanza Shaft, Terry, SD (M-414)
4 Lead City, Black Hills, SD (M-298)
5 Deadwood, SD (M-177)
6 Ingleside and White Rocks, Deadwood, SD (M-226)
7 Spearfish Falls, Black Hills, SD (M-464)
8 White Rocks, Deadwood, SD (M-034)
9 D___ Cut Rock near Spearfish Canyon, Black Hills, SD, B.&M. R´y (M-205)
10 The Homestake Gold Mine, Lead, SD (M-055)
11 Spearfish Falls, Black Hills, SD, B.&M. R´y (M-365)
12 Spearfish Falls, Black Hills, SD, B.&M. R´y (M-314)
13 Devil´s Tower, Black Hills, 600 feet high; one mile around the base. (M-465)
14 Deadwood (M-359)
15 Lead, SD (M-300)
16 Merritt Silver Mine, Galena, SD (M-214)
17 F.E.&M.V. R´y between Deadwood and Lead, SD (M-054)
18 Spearfish Canyon, Black Hills, SD, B.&M. R´y (M-362)
19 Lead, SD (M-048)
20 Central City, SD (M-306)
21 Ellison Hoist, South Lead, SD (M-458)
22 Train of gold ore from Terre and Bald Mountain, SD (M-254)
23 Lead, SD (M-189)
24 Gulch between Deadwood and Lead City (M-367)
25 White Rocks, Deadwood, Black Hills, SD (M-479)
26 Deadwood, SD from White Rocks 700 ft high (M-481)
27 Natural Bridge and La Laprele River 20 miles south of Douglass, Wyo. (M-478)
28 Lead City, Black Hills, SD (M-480)
29 DeSmit Residence (M-218)
30 Monument of Wild Bill at Deadwood, Black Hills, SD (M-361)
31 White Rocks 700 feet high, Deadwood, SD (M-225)
32 View of the Tunnel near Deadwood (M-366)
33 Bald Mountain, F.E.&M.V. R´y System, Nevada Gulch, Black Hills, SD (M-293)
34 Spearfish Canyon from trestle work 7 mile bend to gain 800 feet (M-299)
35 The Homestake Gold Mine, Lead, SD (M-457)
36 Lead, SD (M-051)
37 Exit of Onyx Cave, SD (M-469)
38 Main Street, Lead, SD (M-310)
39 Oto Grantz, rich gold mine, Lead, SD (M-313)
40 Lead, SD (M-405)
41 South Lead, SD, Highland Hoist (M-309)
42 Plutus Shaft, Nevada Gulch, Black Hills, SD, Gold Mine, Bald Mountain (M-308)
43 Deadwood Smelter, SD (M-187)
44 Pluma Mine, Black Hills, SD (M-307)
45 Gold Mining, Terraville, SD (M-447)
46 South Lead, SD (M-045)
47 Bald Mountain Views, SD, F.E.&M.V. R´y (M-152)
48 Big Bonanza Shaft, Fantail Gulch, Black Hills, SD (M-234)
49 Spearfish Canyon, 7-mile bend, SD (M-036)
50 Lead, SD from reservoir (M-047)
51 Lead, SD from reservoir (M-053)
52 Moving a house — hand written description on back (M-472)
53 Oto Grantz, rich gold mine, Lead, SD (M-426)
54 Main Street, Lead, SD (M-185)
55 Gold mine, Terryville, Black Hills, SD (M-297)
56 Devil´s Tower, Wyo. 600 feet high, 1 mile around base (M-044)
57 The Homestake Gold Mine, Lead, SD (M-378)
58 Lead, SD (M-377)
59 The Homestake Gold Mine, Lead, SD (M-227)
60 [Unidentified photo] (M-195)
61 Homestake Gold Mine and Supt. Greer´s House, Lead, SD (M-186)
62 Spearfish Canyon, Black Hills, SD, B.&M. R´y (M-144)
63 Ellison Hoist, South Lead, SD (M-050)
64 Homestake Gold Mine, Lead, SD (M-046)
65 Deadwood, SD, May 26, 1898 (M-437)
66 Main Street, Lead, SD (M-194)
67 Cyanide Plant, Lead, SD (M-049)
68 Terraville (M-003)
69 Central City, SD (M-188)
70 Lead City, SD (M-412)
71 Craighton Mill (M-482)
72 Petrified Mastodon´s Jaw, five feet long found near Long Pine, Neb. (M-477)
73 Sturgis, SD (M-230)
74 Indian dead bodies on scaffolds, Yankton, D.T. — hand written description on back (M-469)
75 Niobrara, Neb. Fourth Street view — hand written description on back (M-471)
76 [Railroad depot — hand written description on back] (M-474)
77 Flood, Niobrara, Ice gorge, Missouri River (M-473)
78 Flood, Niobrara, Ice gorge, Missouri River — hand written description on back (M-470)
Box Item
9 1 [Unidentified collection of Ponca Indian pictures] (M-123)
2 Drying meat: tepee; Cheyenne Agency, SD (M-148)
3 Sitting Bull with favorite squaw and her twin papooses (M-066)
4 School, Crow Agency, Mont. (M-215)
5 Crow Agency, Mont. (M-216)
6 View of Indian Camp, Pine Ridge Agency, SD, Jan.17, 1891 (M-068)
7 Sitting Bull´s camp; sectional view (M-450)
8 Sitting Bull´s Camp; Prisoners of War, Fort Randall, D.T. (M-073)
9 [Unidentified group of Indian Police] (M-448)
10 Yankton Indian Homes (M-117)
11 Indian camp, Pine Ridge Agency, SD, Jan. 18, 1891 (M-118)
12 Solitary Indian and his Tepee (M-409)
13 View of Indian Camp, Pine Ridge Agency, SD, Jan. 17, 1891 (M-155)
14 Pine Ridge Agency Indians (M-217)
15 Drying meat (M-070)
16 Winter Quarters (M-067)
17 Custer Battlefield, Crow Agency, Mont. — General Geo. A. Custer and four Companies of the Cavalry fell here June 25, 1876 (M-380)
18 Spotted Tails Teepes (M-071)
19 Drying meat (M-069)
20 Pine Ridge Indians at Hot Springs, SD (M-423)
21 Crow Indians, Crow Agency, Mont. (M-373)
22 Sitting Bull´s camp with officer of the day who counts them morning and evening (M-173)
23 Sitting Bull´s camp with officer of the day who counts them morning and evening (M-315)
24 Sun Dance, Pine Ridge Agency, SD (M-296)
25 Pine Ridge Indian Camp, Hot Springs, SD (M-422)
26 Hope school, Springfield, D. T. (M-072)
27 Sitting Bull and his favorite squaw with officers and their ladies (M-074)
28 Sitting Bull´s Camp; sectional view (M-425)
29 Ponca Grave (M-065)
30 Sitting Bull and his favorite squaw, prisoners of war, Ft. Randall, SD (M-149)
31 Sitting Bull´s Camp; sectional view (M-282)
32 Winter Quarters. Yankton Agency, D. T. (M-147)
33 [Unidentified landscape] (M-404)
34 Sitting Bull´s Camp — Prisoners of War, Fort Randall, D. T. (M-424)
35 Indian Freighting Teams from Thatcher to Rosebud Agency (M-316)
Box Item
10 1 Family photo
2 Florence E. Carr — 1940
3 [Unidentified negatives]
4 [Unidentified negatives]
5 [Unidentified negatives]
6 [Unidentified negatives]
7 W.R. Cross — Born in Vermont Nov. 24, 1839
8 W.R. Cross
9 [Unidentified woman]
10 [Unidentified family]
11 Mattie Miller family
12 [Unidentified woman]
13 [Unidentified band]
14 Officers Quarters, Fort Meade, Black Hills, D. T.
15 On Dress Parade — 1885
16 Fort Meade, in the Black Hills, SD. On the F.E.&M.V. R´y
17 Florence Carr, Ada Viola Carr, B___ Charles Carr
18 Herschel B. Miller — 1916
19 Betty Miller, Lead SD
20 Mr. & Mrs. H. B. Miller, Lead, SD, Alice & Herschel
21 Millers — Betty, Keith, Dwight
22 Milton, 1949
22 [Unidentified man]
23 Street Scene in Lynch, Nebr., Looking South, 1906
24 Lillian Miller Broom, mother and her Essex, 1919
25 David, 1952
26 Hazel, 1909
27 [Unidentified men]
28 About 1911, Uncle Dick´s International pickup. Written narrative on back
29 Ernest and Mattie Miller
30 Ernest and Mattie Miller
31 Herschel B. Miller, Spring, 1905
32 Babe and Hazel, 1898
33 Will C. Carr, Deadwood, SD
34 The Miller Family — Herschel, Hazel, Earl
35 The Miller Family — Herschel, Hazel, Earl
36 Earl & Connie Miller, June, 1916
37 Dwight, 1942
38 Mr. & Mrs. H. B. Miller, Lead, SD, Alice & Herschel
39 Sarah Jane Cross (Jenny)
40 Wm. R. Cross, Born in Vermont, Nov. 24, 1839
41 Sarah Jane Church, Born 5/12/1839, Bangor, Maine
42 [Unidentified woman]
43 [Unidentified woman]
44 Sarah Jane Church, born 5/12/1839, Bangar, Maine
45 [Unidentified woman]
46 Florence Carr
47 Buffalo Bill Cody
48 Indian camp, Pine Ridge Agency, SD, Jan. 18, 1891
49 Ft. Meade, SD, Oct. 14, 1896
50 Cross Family
51 Mattie Cross & Claire
52 [Unidentified house]
53 1924 — Grandmother & Dwight, Great-grandmother
54 Cross & Betty, Herschel & Keith, 4 generations
55 Cross Family: 1. George Cross (brother) 2. Florence Cross Carr 3. Ada Cross Miller 4. Cleva Cross Hummel
Box Item
11 1 Yellow Hair (M-159)
2 Sioux Squaw (M-160)
3 Red Shirt (M-161)
4 Young Man Afraid of His Horse (M-444)
5 Little Hawk, Pine Ridge Agency, SD (M-113)
6 General Brooke´s camp on White Clay Creek, 2 miles north from Pine Ridge Agency, SD (M-164)
7 Salesman sample card (M-122)
8 Cheyenne Indian — Painted Face (M-442)
9 Bird´s Eye View of the 7th Cavalry, 1st Infantry and Pine Ridge Agency, SD. Jan. 17, 1891 (M-439)
10 Rain in the Face, slayer of Gen. Geo. A. Custer (M-416)
11 Fast Bear Chief (M-263)
12 Red Cloud, Chief of Pine Ridge Agency, SD (M-121)
13 Sitting Bull, Head Chief at the Custer Massacre Capt. Geo. Sword, Chief of Police with Buffalo Bill´s Indians, Pine Ridge Agency, SD (M-115)
14 Yellow Hair (M-116)
15 [Unidentified Indian] (M-410)
16 Lieut. Taylor and Indian Scouts (M-440)
17 Red Skirt (M-443)
18 View of Indian camp, Pine Ridge Agency, Jan. 17, 1891 (M-120)
19 Sioux Indian Dance (M-114)